Why are there big tech and media layoffs as economy keeps growing?

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So, really are some occurring astatine nan aforesaid time? It’s not arsenic contradictory arsenic it mightiness seem. Recent occupation cuts person been concentrated chiefly successful conscionable a fewer sectors: technology, finance and media.

Relative to nan U.S. labour unit of 160 cardinal people, layoffs truthful acold person been dwarfed by consistently vigorous hiring — a monthly mean of 248,000 jobs added complete nan past six months. The unemployment complaint is still conscionable 3.7%, hardly supra a 50-year low.

It turns retired that galore of nan companies that are now shedding jobs had over-hired during nan pandemic, erstwhile they thought nan trends that emerged past — particularly a surge successful online shopping — would proceed apace. As nan system has normalized, galore of these companies person discovered that they nary longer request truthful galore labor and person responded pinch layoffs.

In January, American businesses and different employers added a blistering 353,000 jobs — nan biggest monthly haul successful a year. The authorities besides revised up its estimate of occupation gains successful November and December by a mixed 126,000. The information provided compelling grounds that astir companies, ample and small, are assured capable successful nan system to support hiring.

Several of nan companies that person announced layoffs are among nan astir well-known family names: GoogleAmazoneBayUPS, Spotify and Facebook’s genitor Meta. Not that they’ve been nan only ones. Challenger, Gray & Christmas, a starring outplacement firm, reported this week that businesses announced 82,000 layoffs successful January, nan second-most for immoderate January since 2009.

Here are immoderate reasons why these seemingly disparate trends are coinciding:


In astir industries, businesses person kept adding workers complete nan past 3 months. Manufacturers, for example, added 56,000 successful November, December and January combined. Restaurants, hotels and intermezo companies gained astir 60,000 complete that time. Health attraction providers — hospitals, doctors’ offices, and dentists — added a whopping 300,000.

They’re not each low-paying jobs, either: A assemblage that nan authorities calls master and business services, a sprawling class that includes accountants, engineers, lawyers and their support unit — has 120,000 much jobs than it did successful October. Federal, authorities and section governments, which regained their pre-pandemic levels of employment successful September, besides added astir 120,000 jobs complete that period.

The occupation cuts, by contrast, person been much concentrated. The Labor Department doesn’t way exertion jobs specifically, but Friday’s jobs study pointed to signs of nan industry’s struggles: The unemployment complaint for workers successful what nan authorities calls nan “information” sector, which includes media and tech workers, jumped to 5.5% successful January from 3.9% a twelvemonth ago. That’s astir 2 percent points supra nan nationalist jobless rate.


More confusing is why companies would trim workers if nan system is increasing and consumers support spending. Last week, nan authorities estimated that nan system expanded astatine a healthy 3.3% yearly gait successful nan October-December quarter after robust maturation of 4.9% nan erstwhile quarter.

Companies thin to shed jobs for each sorts of reasons, sometimes to bespeak changes successful their business strategy aliases to support aliases boost their profit margins. Many high-tech companies that went connected hiring binges successful 2022, arsenic nan system accelerated retired of nan pandemic recession, miscalculated nan longer-term request for their products and services.

In its study of occupation cuts, Challenger, Gray & Christmas said nan starring logic companies cited past period for laying disconnected workers was “restructuring.” A twelvemonth earlier, it was “economic conditions,” economists astatine Renaissance Macro noted, meaning that companies had antecedently worried much astir nan authorities of nan economy.

Todd McKinnon, CEO of nan package institution Okta, said successful a connection announcing that nan institution would trim astir 400 jobs that it entered 2023 “with a maturation scheme based connected nan request we knowledgeable successful nan anterior year.”

“This led america to over-hire for nan macroeconomic reality we’re successful today,” he wrote.


High-profile occupation cuts typically impact galore layoffs that aren’t implemented immediately. For example, UPS, nan transportation and logistics provider, announced earlier this week that it would cut 12,000 jobs this year. But it said those reductions will return spot complete months. So they weren’t included successful nan January jobs information that was released Friday because nan layoffs hadn’t yet taken place.


This doesn’t needfully mean that nan government’s jobs figures will worsen complete clip arsenic reductions by UPS and others are implemented. Jobs cuts are profoundly distressing and disruptive for group who suffer them. But layoffs moreover of UPS’ magnitude don’t really move nan needle successful nan immense U.S. economy. Each month, astir 5 cardinal group time off their jobs aliases are laid off, government information shows, while much than 5 cardinal are hired.

A raft of different information corroborate that overall, nan occupation marketplace is fundamentally healthy. The number of people seeking unemployment benefits, agelong seen arsenic a measurement of layoffs, remains astatine a very debased level. And non-government data, including hiring tracked by the payroll supplier ADP, shows that private-sector companies support adding workers.

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